Studying is a skill in itself. How to study is a very important skill that very few schools teach. Apart from things like note taking and colour coding, setting small achievable targets is the best way to create that route to your end target.
Setting goals for studying, when done consistently will pay massive dividends. Start this process early with your child so it becomes second nature.
Use this simple 5 step method to help your child achieve throughout their academic journey:
Step 1- Dedicate
Have a dedicated space within your home.
Clear all clutter and distractions from the area. Set it up with all the relevant items needed (writing/rough paper, pencils, highlighters, dictionary etc.). Make the area pleasant so there is no angst about working there.
Step 2- Keep it real
Plan (be realistic!). Become best friends with your schedule.
Work out whether you are a lark or an owl and put together your schedule accordingly. If you work better first thing in the morning, then set your routine for that time. Studying when you are at your best will allow you to power through the mundane and boring stuff that you will otherwise put off, and later regret doing so.
Step 3- Consistency is key
Focus, focus, focus!
Break down to individual components (topics or areas of learning and sub-area within that).
Set each piece of work to last no more that 45 minutes, then take a break and resume. Constantly look at your tasks and whether you are meeting your targets. Evaluate and readjust if you need to.
I know I always underestimate how long I need so I double the time I think I need.
Step 4- What, why, how?
Allow time for creativity.
Make sure you allow down time. Relaxation is an important part of the cognitive function. It gives the brain a chance to process and assimilate information. It also means you are recharged to go again.
Ticking off completed items as a visual chart will prove to give great satisfaction and will also help motivate. Use a rewards system to help motivation, whether it is that second chocolate or a new top.
Step 5- Rinse and repeat
Evaluate – Be honest.
Learn from your past mistakes (the best way to do this is to keep a journal as part of the end of day routine).
What do I want/need to achieve? How will I do it? What are the component parts that make up how I do this? How long do I need for each component?
If you need to go over something that you were not completely sure about, reallocate some time to it, but this time look at where you fell down rather than the whole item again- break it down into smaller parts to isolate what the problem is.